By Lewis White Beck
Whilst this paintings was once first released in 1960, it instantly crammed a void in Kantian scholarship. It was once the 1st research solely dedicated to Kant's Critique of sensible Reason and by means of a long way the main great remark on it ever written. This landmark in Western philosophical literature continues to be an essential relief to an entire figuring out of Kant's philosophy for college students and students alike.
This Critique is the one writing within which Kant weaves his techniques on useful cause right into a unified argument. Lewis White Beck deals a vintage exam of this argument and expertly areas it within the context of Kant's philosophy and of the ethical philosophy of the eighteenth century.
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Additional info for A Commentary on Kant's Critique of Practical Reason (Midway Reprint Series)
The taking thought of his action is one of the causes of his action; but, until he himself has taken thought and thereby reached his own decision, the specific direction of the action that will issue from his taking thought cannot be known to him. To him, the act of taking thought is not so much a cause of a particular action, related to it by causal laws, as it is a search after a ground or good reason which will lead him to choose a specific act. The action is a product of choice or decision which is reached just in this process of taking thought.
Also Vernunftige Gedanckell von den Kriifften des menschlichen Verstandes, § IS, where the term lebendige Erkiinntn;s is used. 14 Nachricbt von der Einrichtung seiner Vorlesungen im Winterhalbjahr von 1765-66 (11,312); at least, no earlier Beleg is given by Grimm. Mellin (Kunstsprache der Kantischen Philosophie , p. ) I can find no English use of the words "practical reason" before Richard Burthogge's Organum 'Vetus et novum, or Discourse on Reason and Truth, sec. 61 (1678). The term does not, I think, occur in any of the British moralists Kant knew, with the exception of Reid, Essay on the Active Powers of the Mind, Book III, Part iii, sec.
Only a being having the power to reason can act from an interest. , a cause determining the will. "6 I may put the policy in favor of an interest into words and tty to live according to it. " They may be expressed in general maxims that cover a wide variety of different behaviors, such as Carpe diem. They may be highly artificial and only IS Up to this point Kant would, I believe, agree with our general account of action. But he would assert that this definition of interest is too narrow, for there is an interest which is not derived from impulse, though always associated with it in some way (cf.