By Marie le Jars de Gournay, Richard Hillman, Colette Quesnel
In the course of her lifetime, the talented author Marie le Jars de Gournay (1565-1645) was once celebrated as one of many "seventy most renowned ladies of all time" in Jean de l. a. Forge's Circle of discovered girls (1663). The followed daughter of Montaigne, in addition to his editor, Gournay used to be an important literary strength and a pioneering feminist voice in the course of a tumultuous interval in France.This quantity offers translations of 4 of Gournay's works that deal with feminist matters. of those seem the following in English for the 1st time—The prom of Monsieur de Montaigne and The Apology for the girl Writing. one of many first glossy mental novels, the best-selling prom was once additionally the 1st to discover lady sexual feeling. With the autobiographical Apology, Gournay defended each point of her existence, from her ethical behavior to her loved ones administration. The booklet additionally contains Gournay's final revisions (1641) of her best-known feminist treatises, The Equality of fellows and ladies and the women' grievance. The editors supply a basic evaluate of Gournay's occupation, in addition to person introductions and vast annotations for every paintings.
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Additional info for Apology for the Woman Writing and Other Works (The Other Voice in Early Modern Europe)
The second major subject that came to the fore was Montaigne’s pervasive one—herself. L’Ombre saw the first appearance of a moral self-analysis in verse (Peincture de moeurs [Character portrait]), as well as the original version of the Apology for the Woman Writing. 7 Special mention may also be made here of Gournay’s earliest explicitly autobiographical text, which was apparently occasioned by one of the practical jokes to which she was increasingly subjected. She was tricked into writing the Copie de la vie de la Demoiselle de Gournay (Representation of the life of Miss de Gournay), which is dated 1616, on the pretext that King James I of England wished to read about her (Ilsley, 126).
See also Domna C. Stanton, “Woman as Object and Subject of Exchange: Marie de Gournay’s Le Proumenoir (1594),” L’Esprit créateur 23, no. 2 (1983): 9–25. 29. See François Rigolot, introduction to “Préface à l’édition des Essais de Montaigne (Paris: Abel L’Angelier, 1595),” by Marie de Gournay, ed. François Rigolot, Montaigne Studies: An Interdisciplinary Forum 1 (1989): 8–20; and Philippe Desan, “The Book, the Friend, the Woman: Montaigne’s Circular Exchanges,” trans. Brad Bassler, in Contending Kingdoms: Historical, Psychological, and Feminist Approaches to the Literature of Sixteenth-Century England and France, ed.
Greek followed in due course (apparently with some help from a tutor), although she never became fully confident in it (Ilsley, 19). The authors Gournay preferred—prominent among them Seneca and Plutarch— generally matched the taste of the time, as did her humanist assumption, maintained throughout her life, that the raison d’être of reading the classics was that they conduced to virtue. For this reason, too, the Greek philosophers, especially Plato, held a privileged position in her imaginative hierarchy, and it is clear, from her recurrent citation of the Lives of the Philosophers by Diogenes Laertius, whose life of Socrates she is known to have translated, that it was at least as much their supposed examples as their writings that attracted her.